FXCoral

SOME PLANT SPECIES IN SOUTH-WESTERN PART OF NIGERIA

I was walking along a path as i stumbled on some plants. It then came to my mind to observe those plants especially the leaf.

800px-Chromolaena_odorata_by_Ashasathees.jpg Chromolaena odorata

CLASSIFICATION

Kingdom - Plantae
Subkingdom - Viridiplantae
Superdivision - Embryophyta Division - Tracheophyta Subdivision - Spermatophytina
Class - Magnoliopsida Superorder - Asteranae Order - Asterales Family - Asteraceae Genus - Chromolaena Species - odorata

Botanical Name: Chromolaena odorata Location: South-West, Nigeria. Inflorescence type: Terminal and Axillary Leaf shape: Ovate Leaf arrangement: Opposite Leaf margin: Entire Economic importance: It can be used as a green manure and it may possess insecticidal properties. It is used for embalming dead bodies in some countries.

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800px-Pink_Rangan_by_Piyal_Kundu.jpg Ixora coccinea

CLASSIFICATION

Kingdom - Plantae Subkingdom - Viridiplantae Superdivision - Embryophyta Division - Tracheophyta
Subdivision - Spermatophytina Class - Magnoliopsida Superorder - Asteranae Order - Gentianales Family - Rubiaceae
Genus - Ixora Species - coccinea

Botanical Name: Ixora coccinea Location: South-West, Nigeria. Inflorescence type: Umbel with a pedicel Venation: Pinnate Leaf shape: Ovate Leaf arrangement: Opposite Leaf margin: Entire Economic importance: The seeds of Coffee plant are roasted and powdered for making coffee. The drug 'quinine' obtained from the bark of the plant is used throughout the world in the treatment of malarial fever. Timber which can be used for commercial purposes is obtained from Adina cordifolia (Manjakkadambu) and Morinda tinctoria (Nuna tree). Ixora coccinea are also used for decorating houses. qjrE4yyfw5pEPvDbJDzhdNXM7mjt1tbr2kM3X28F6SraZfqHEYGCYGoWXSw1j5XBTHwDWVJ4mcpJEMTEtafn7FXP3eoM7BQjEhSFbZEW5RLLxgWE3nPdD2KG.png

Sida_acuta_Blanco2.366~2.png Sida acuta

CLASSIFICATION

Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom - Viridiplantae
Superdivision - Embryophyta Division - Tracheophyta
Subdivision - Spermatophytina
Class - Magnoliopsida Superorder - Rosanae Order - Malvales Family - Malvaceae
Genus - Sida Species - acuta

Botanical Name: Sida acuta Location: South-West, Nigeria. Inflorescence type: Axillary and solitary Venation: Reticulate Leaf arrangement: Alternate Leaf margin: Entire Economic importance: Sida acuta is useful in treating urinary diseases and blood disorders, bile, liver and as treatment for nervous diseases.

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Kongo_Wasserfarn.jpg Bolbitis heudelotii

CLASSIFICATION

Kingdom - Plantae
Subkingdom - Viridiplantae
Superdivision - Embryophyta Division - Tracheophyta
Subdivision - Polypodiophytina Class - Polypodiopsida
Subclass - Polypodiidae Order - Polypodiales Family - Dryopteridaceae
Genus - Bolbitis Species - heudelotii

Botanical Name: Bolbitis heudelotii Location: South-West, Nigeria. Inflorescence type: Simple Venation: Pinnate Leaf shape: Lyrate Leaf arrangement: Compound binnate

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References

Taxonomic classification of plants

Science

Future reading