Is the Earth only habitable planet for humans?
Scientists have discovered 24 more 'best habitable' planets that have better conditions than Earth. According to scientists, some of them have better stars than our Sun.
The new research was looking for worlds that are more conducive to life than Earth, including the ancient, large, hot and more humid planets. The purpose of this research was to provide future scientists with information about life elsewhere in the universe.
The research identified 24 such 'best habitable' planets. They are all hundreds of light-years away, making it difficult, if not impossible, for them to see, but future telescopes could provide more information about these worlds.
With the continuous development of technology and the use of new telescopes, including NASA's James Webb Telescope, the European Space Agency's Plato's Louvre Telescope, scientists hope to find evidence of life on these distant planets.
Dirk Schulz-Mukosh, a professor at Washington State University and the Technical University of Berlin, who played a key role in the study, said: "With the advent of new telescopes, we will have more information. It is important to make new targets. Our focus is on certain planets that have a higher chance of life, but we don't have to bother looking for another Earth because there may be some planets that may be better than Earth for life.” Scientists have identified possibly the "best for life" planets. Scientists have examined 4,500 known planets that exist outside our solar system. This is an attempt to identify planets that meet this standard.
These include the K-Dwarf Stars, who are not like our Sun. Stars that are similar to our Sun are known as G-stars, but their life span is relatively short, and the fact that the Sun has lived half its life before it came into being is one of the many planets here may expire before taking up residence.
Dwarf stars are relatively cooler, smaller, and brighter than our sun. They also live longer for about 70 billion years, which means that the planets around them will also have more time to evolve. Scientists have also discovered planets that are 10 times larger than Earth. They are thought to be more livable than land. Larger volumes mean they can maintain their internal temperature longer, and gravity will be more powerful in their environment.
The amount of water on the best habitable planets is also likely to be higher than on Earth, especially if there is moisture. Even if it gets hotter, these planets will be able to survive. With regard to their temperature, it is thought to 5⁰C higher than the Earth, which is considered the most important development.
None of the 24 real planets meet all the standards, despite their large numbers. But one of them meets the criteria, which means that it may be more conducive to life.
"Sometimes it can be difficult to determine the best planet for habitation because we think our planet is the best," says Professor Schulz-Mukosh. We have a large number of diverse and complex lives, many of which can survive even the most extreme conditions. "It's good to be able to shape life, but that doesn't mean we have the best."