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Internet of Things (IoT) in my house and my city

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I really liked writing about technology, I am enjoying it and in this publication I want to talk to you about the “Internet of Things” known as IoT.

Can you imagine waking up in the morning and finding your coffee ready and breakfast coming out of the roaster? This is more real than you can imagine.

You can have your computers interconnected to the internet at home, you can schedule the time your coffee will be ready, the time of the conferences, the time for washing clothes at home and all this can be controlled from a remote system. They will tell me that it is very similar to the topic of home automation that I discussed earlier but we will go into detail.

The difference of IoT with home automation is that the latter can work perfectly through a network or circuit that is not powered by the internet, and responds to command or analog programming. And in the case of the IoT, obviously it depends on the internet to function.

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The Internet of Things (IoT) interconnects your equipment and electronic devices through the internet, so they can fulfill assignments or tasks that you can handle even when you are away from home

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How would this work in my home or office?

It is simpler than it seems, the network has the IP address of each computer or device, just like a server does. This IP address allows access to the equipment and thus the instructions arrive remotely.

Can you imagine having a network integrated by the coffee maker, the washing machine, the refrigerator and the TV in each? So you can have everything ready at the required time and you would enjoy a lot of free time

We can also cite some slightly more complex experiences such as the so-called smart cities, which use the principle of IoT for the operation of vehicular and pedestrian traffic lights, tolls, access control, among other things. A case would be Madrid with its traffic lights that control the urban infrastructure of the city remotely in an intelligent way.

We could also cite the giant Google and the innovations in artificial intelligence currently being developed by Uber to improve the service and dispense with the typical taxi drivers.

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The areas of development of the IoT

* Security: real-time control of security systems and access control.

* Health: an example would be the monitoring of Alzheimer's patients, remote monitoring of blood pressure indicators, blood sugar in patients who are outside the hospital premises. Assistance at home for people with reduced mobility.

* Intelligent control of cities: monitoring and control of the city's infrastructure in terms of roads and their control devices, potable water supplies through aqueducts, climate monitoring and hydrometeorological predictions, among other advances.

* Vehicles without driver.

* Smart homes monitored and controlled by internet in real time.

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How do you see the application of these advances in your city?

This may represent the dream of many, especially when we talk about cities in the first world and with sufficient income that can be very well invested in the well-being of citizens.

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I have seen the implementation of small trials in my city, for example, the use of intelligent traffic lights controlled by the internet, with its successes and failures, because there are two fundamental elements that we have not mentioned: continuity of electricity and internet services, without these, we would not be able to fully see any of the advantages that the IoT offers us.

In my case, my country as a whole at the moment is very far from taking advantage of the advances in IoT, although in other fields such as business, commercial and some households, this is no longer a novelty to become a great need which has already been underway for some time.

Would you like to enjoy the IoT at home?

"All the text has been written according to my professional experience as an engineer, university professor, researcher and developer of engineering projects."

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